Sing Your Koine Paradigms If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. The indicative verb provides informaion from the presepctive of the writer or speaker. Noah's Ark (תיבת נח; Biblical Hebrew: Tevat Noaḥ) is the vessel in the Genesis flood narrative (Genesis chapters 6–9) by which God spares Noah, his family, and a remnant of all the world's animals from a world-engulfing flood. The lexicon includes the lexemes used to actualize words. The analytical Greek lexicon; consisting of an alphabetical arrangement of every occuring inflexion of every word contained in the Greek New Testament Scriptures, with a grammatical analysis of each word, and lexicographical illustration of the meanings, a complete series of paradigms, with grammatical remarks and explanations. Examples are "the, a, and an". The original Greek alphabet didn't have upper case and lower case letters. Posts about Greek Perfect written by Mike Aubrey. Especially in the early phases of Greek learning it is good to learn the rules, but also expect to be puzzled by ‘exceptions. pdf file, 20K. Do you want to get to the Greek behind the English translations, do Greek word studies, use better dictionaries and commentaries, and not be frightened by the Greek words? Do you want to understand a Strong's Bible but don't have the time to do all the memory of traditional language learning? Then "Greek for the Rest of us" is just for you!. Greek-English Concordance for Matthew 1:17 So all ( pasai | πᾶσαι | nom pl fem ) the generations from Abraham to David were fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Christ fourteen generations. "Reading Koine Greek is readable and user friendly, yet remarkably sophisticated linguistically. There is a Java-based flashcard device to help you learn most paradigms and vocabulary sets. Students learn not just forms and paradigms but, far more important, how language works and how the text as a whole functions as a communicative event. Here are the full paradigms for key parts of speech. Smyth's A Greek Grammar for Colleges is available on the Perseus Digital Library website here, and on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library website here. are later Common Slavic endings formed by analogy with a-stems. More than a hundred topics about Ancient Greek Grammar and Syntax. A conference held in Denver, Colorado, at the invitation of the archdiocese. There is a Java-based flashcard device to help you learn most paradigms and vocabulary sets. The Koine NT Grammar by Moulton, vol 2, has a good format in their section of verbs. I've visited Greece many times, but have never learned the language beyond a few basics and some vocabulary. Czech), while the first form occurs in languages that do not (e. In 4-5min explain the Koine Greek Indicative Verbal System. Biblical Greek (Koine) is essential for Christian education. Paradigms (for all 24 lessons) Exercises (for all 24 lessons) Vocabulary (for all 24 lessons) Additional Vocabulary (Words occuring 10 to 49 times in the GNT, by frequency) Additional Vocabulary (Words occuring 10 to 49 times in the GNT, alphabetically) Contraction Rules and Paradigms; Conditional Sentences; Confusing forms; Accents. New Testament Greek Charts for Global Learners 2 R. Greek and Hebrew Paradigm Charts are perfect for first- and second-year Greek and Hebrew students, and essential for anyone learning Greek or Hebrew on their own. Greek: παν n (pan, " everything, Universe ") English: pan-, pant-, panto-, panta- References []. εἰσίν — 159 Occ. Biblical Greek Program up to 2 Years of biblical greek. You may not use this work for commercial purposes. ( 3 credits) NT523 - Greek 3 - Syntax and Reading. PRESENT TENSE: •Imagine a video camera shooting film now• 1. This in-depth yet student-friendly introduction to Koine Greek provides a full grounding in Greek grammar, while starting to build skill in the use of exegetical tools. The nominative is the case of the subject, the genitive is the case of possession, the dative is the case of the indirect object, and the accusative is the case of the indirect object. 19 Declension/Inflection Paradigms. Greek bathroom signs and a “Mary Poppins” poster) of BBG-3 have been removed. εἶναι — 126 Occ. This workbook has been designed to accompany the Mastering New Testament Greek interactive program, the printable textbook, and the vocabulary builder frequency list. Highly recommended. Greek Grammar Information & Resources There are many sites and pages currently published online that can help with grammar and vocabulary learning. The word "alphabet" comes from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet "alpha" and "beta". It is to help them explain in a reasoned way what the texts or parts of texts of the Greek New Testament (to some extent also of other relevant Ancient Greek writings) communicate linguistically. Exceptions: erus, hesperus, iūniperus, mōrus, numerus, taurus, umerus, uterus, vīrus, and many Greek nouns. Czech), while the first form occurs in languages that do not (e. Also, the vocabulary learned is kept to an absolute minimum, which at an early stage is probably beneficial. There are three year-long courses in the program: Year I, Year II, and Year III. Black, an experienced teacher of Greek, changes the paradigm. In this post I provide the code for the equivalent for the Greek New Testament and talk about some of the results. ' Language is not the same as mathematics. The accusative singular masculine and feminine of the definite article and the accusative. " Reading Koine Greek is readable and user friendly, yet remarkably sophisticated linguistically. There are three different accent marks in Koine Greek, whereas modern has only one. See the Bible through new eyes. Use of Participles, By Corey Keating, Page2 of 2, Version 2. Greece in the Roman era describes the period of Greek history when Ancient Greece was dominated by the Roman Republic, the Roman Empire (27 BC - AD 1453) commonly referred to as the Byzantine Empire after about AD 395. Mastering New Testament Greek is an interactive multimedia program that has proved quite effective in teaching first-year Koine Greek to thousands who have used it since it was published in the mid-1990s. Learning Koine Greek; 20 Paradigms. 19 Declension/Inflection Paradigms. All nouns have a specific gender, but contrary to English, even things (including concrete objects and abstract ideas) can be masculine, feminine, or neuter, and there is no way to. 1st Declension -. See how the possessive case and the preposition "of" work in English. Koine Greek 50+ 38 Terms. Highly recommended. The most common are verbs of convicting, accusing and punishing. If you've found yourself bogged down by rote memorization and you easily forget your Greek and Hebrew forms, these new paradigm charts from Logos Bible Software can help. Huys has divided the sites into easy to use categories. Introduce children to the basics of Koine Greek with Greek for Children Primer A! Engaging and understandable, 32 weekly chapters feature a memory page with chant and vocabulary; grammar lessons; a worksheet; and quiz. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him. *The following descriptions are of the recommended New Testament Greek grammars noted above: Reading Koine Greek: An Introduction and Integrated Workbook by Rodney J. Paying careful attention to the semantic situation of each adverbial participle is vital to sound exegesis. ← 38 | 39 →Chapter 5 Koine Greek is the descendant of Attic Greek. The approach, informed by twenty-five years of classroom teaching, emphasizes reading Greek for comprehension as opposed to merely translating it. Posts about Greek Perfect written by Mike Aubrey. ἦσθα — 2 Occ. New Testament Greek Charts for Global Learners 2 R. In Print: Page 2. Greek Articles. Greek does not ‘obey’ grammatical rules, it simply tends to follow them most of the time. Contract Vowels 1s ˆ ˘ ˘ ˝ Reference: , , // 2s ˝ ˝ ˙ ˝ ˘ ˇ ˇ˝ ˘ Mounce, The Morphology / + vowel // // 3s ˆ ( ) ˝ ˘ ˇ˝ ˘ PXN ˝ of B ib lca Gr ek. Greek Paradigm Chart. There are six tense-forms in. Ready to learn. Dongell Greek New Testament First Fruits Press Wilmore, Kentucky c2014. The Greek of the New Testament and Septuagint (a translation of the Old Testament into Greek) is known as Koine Greek. However, learning a language is so time intensive, I have to face the fact that there's a good chance I will only learn one, therefore, I'd like. Decker "This in-depth yet student-friendly introduction to Koine Greek provides a full grounding in Greek grammar, while starting to build skill in the use of exegetical tools. Note the following groups: 1. Consider the following sentence: The man who lives next to me has a goat. For example, Matthew 21:22 the word πιστευοντες is translated as believing και παντα οσα αν αιτησητε εν τη προσευχη πιστευοντες λημψεσθε. Learn the first declension paradigm with this song from the Singing Grammarian. Also a keymap for typing BSTGreek. It is packed with information. So, many theologians need to study ancient Greek to get closer to the original biblical text. For Greek verbs, aspect is the dominant feature (although time is part of Greek verbs in the indicative mood). This lesson presents the final case: the VOCATIVE. PRIMARY ACTIVE ENDINGS. *The following descriptions are of the recommended New Testament Greek grammars noted above: Reading Koine Greek: An Introduction and Integrated Workbook by Rodney J. Introduce children to the basics of Koine Greek with Greek for Children Primer A! Engaging and understandable, 32 weekly chapters feature a memory page with chant and vocabulary; grammar lessons; a worksheet; and quiz. After two years of biblical Greek in college, I was eager to use the New Testament's original language in my teaching and preaching ministry. This Blog gives readers and students of theologian Ward Powers the opportunity to interact with him about the meaning of the original Greek of the New Testament, to ask questions about his books, or to discuss how the New Testament in its original language speaks to today's issues and controversies. Do you want to get to the Greek behind the English translations, do Greek word studies, use better dictionaries and commentaries, and not be frightened by the Greek words? Do you want to understand a Strong's Bible but don't have the time to do all the memory of traditional language learning? Then "Greek for the Rest of us" is just for you!. For Greek verbs, aspect is the dominant feature (although time is part of Greek verbs in the indicative mood). The Getting Greek Paradigms and Charts is a handy little App that puts the most important paradigms and charts of Koine Greek right at your fingertips. Porter, Stanley E. 5) 2-page summary of the relationship of the subject and predicatenominative with linking verbs in koine Greek. Also a keymap for typing BSTGreek. If one wants some sort of critical apparatus, then one could use:. All Greek. Using Kuhn’s (1962) concept of paradigms shifts in science, we might suggest that modern linguistics has brought a new paradigm by which we can look afresh at Ancient Greek and thus in turn produce new and interesting research. The analytical Greek lexicon; consisting of an alphabetical arrangement of every occuring inflexion of every word contained in the Greek New Testament Scriptures, with a grammatical analysis of each word, and lexicographical illustration of the meanings, a complete series of paradigms, with grammatical remarks and explanations. This lesson presents the final case: the VOCATIVE. Headthirst’s QuickMem Greek: QuickMem Greek’s word lists are based on Bruce M. Elementary Joseph R. Attic) Greek in school, it is very easy to study Koine, or read the New Testament. εἰμὶ — 141 Occ. The nominative is the case of the subject, the genitive is the case of possession, the dative is the case of the indirect object, and the accusative is the case of the indirect object. ” This is an “easy” Greek (for the most part), a low style. Especially in the early phases of Greek learning it is good to learn the rules, but also expect to be puzzled by 'exceptions. One thing students of Koine should do more is read and translate non-biblical papyri. Having visited each of the sites and evaluated their content, he has given them individual ratings as well as provided short. For this reason, it has a lean and schematic structure, which guarantees a fast and fluid learning process. Consider the following sentence: The man who lives next to me has a goat. It is packed with information. Vocab for ch. The GFA paradigm chart was designed with the student in mind. Mastery of Classical Greek will also help you to read the Koine Greek of the New Testament. Second, there is regional variation between dialects. Understanding New Testament Greek grammar was developed out of necessity as a way to teach Greek in one semester. The introduction of this grammar is interesting with some history of Koine Greek and highlights of the work of people like Deismann. Languages acquired by many non-native speakers are generally simplified, as was the koine. Similar to Zack Hubert's former online interactive, analytical bible tool, but with many more creative and. There is a Java-based flashcard device to help you learn most paradigms and vocabulary sets. Know lÊv, and you'll know most 'vowel' stems. You can add other languages. Master Greek is a parsing app designed for students of Biblical Greek (Koine Greek). Aschmann — April 22, 2020 with (S). Koine Greek scholars are divided right now over the number of aspects in Koine Greek. By contrast, in theoretical linguistics, tense refers to a form that specifies a point in time (past, present, or future), so the aorist is a tense-aspect combination. Vocabulary. Students learn not just forms and paradigms but, far more important, how language works and how the text as a whole functions as a communicative event. As the dominant language of the Byzantine Empire it developed further into Medieval Greek, the main ancestor of Modern Greek. After reading this book, I am going to recommend this to some people in my church who just started learning the Koine Greek. Terminology. This Answer Key & Guide provides answers for the Review, Focus, Sentence, and Reading exercises along with further guidance for more difficult exercises. The set also includes flashcards that cover every vocabulary word used in the text. I find this weird though because nom. A higher number of Greek manuscript images have been peppered throughout, while some of the oddities (i. Second, there is regional variation between dialects. In this section you will learn the mathematical pronunciation of Koine Greek, since it's the most widely used in resources relating to this language variety. Last, but hardly least, Koine Greek is the language of the New Testament, and the study of the original language will gradually unveil the richness, depth, and beauty of the New Testament. ← 38 | 39 →Chapter 5 Koine Greek is the descendant of Attic Greek. The Greek peninsula fell under Roman rule in 146 BC, after the Battle of Corinth, when Macedonia became a Roman province. Classical Greek was the language which the Greek philosophers had used, but had pretty much been replaced by Koine by the time of Christ. The analytical Greek lexicon; consisting of an alphabetical arrangement of every occuring inflexion of every word contained in the Greek New Testament Scriptures, with a grammatical analysis of each word, and lexicographical illustration of the meanings, a complete series of paradigms, with grammatical remarks and explanations. org) and Berkeley Scholars web hosting services have been retired as of January 5th, 2018. ' Language is not the same as mathematics. This makes sense, when we realize that the difference between the MIDDLE and PASSIVE could at times be almost indistinguishable for Greeks. After all, I would have a hard time ordering in a Greek restaurant with the “Koine Greek. Greek is tough. In their Appendix they have an article explaining why they translate it this way and they quote from A Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament by Dana and Mantey to justify their translation. In all declensions, the dative case contains an ι, perhaps as an improper diphthong. Which pronunciation do you use? Most Koine Greek textbooks for schools, including the Memoria Press curriculum that we use, teach "Erasmian" pronunciation. Both rough and smooth breathing marks appear on the page. Such is the case with Basics of Biblical Greek. Generally, I present these in tandem with Alan Ross' introductory grammar, Introducing Biblical Hebrew (IBH). Features extensive appendixes with paradigms, indexes, and a verb list; high-frequency vocabulary; translation exercises using almost 300 New Testament verses; an easy-to-read verb chart; and more. ENDINGS 1 Greek Finite Verb Endings Person and Number distinguishing features 1 sg. It is the way that an author invites us to view the verb’s action. p# PXI IXI FXI PXS PXM XXN J. ** The second form occurs in languages that contract early across /j/ (e. and had established settlements from one end of the Mediterranean. Since I always eventually planned to move on to Classical Greek after learning Koine, I've decided to take that step a little early. However, before the Achaean War, the Roman Republic had been steadily. Athematic and Thematic Verbs. " Reading Koine Greek is readable and user friendly, yet remarkably sophisticated linguistically. Combine the time-honored exercise of drilling Koine Greek vocabulary via flash cards but with the convenience, speed, and mnemonic advantages of modern computer technology. Everything you need to read Biblical Greek, from the alphabet to translation. Greek PARADIGM QUIZZES Online! GREEK to English // ENGLISH to Greek "Search" TOOL (Online Lexicon) Wermuth’s “FAMOUS QUOTES & MEMORY JOGGERS” or “Beginning Greek Grammar’s ‘Top 20′”(PDF) Greek Verbs “Contract Verbs” Formation Chart (PDF) "CONTRACT VERBS" Formation & Results (PDF) "Signal Flags" for Greek Verbal Forms (PDF). Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. ˆ Koine Greek Paradigms. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him. Koine (NT) Greek Resources For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. ' Language is not the same as mathematics. Exercises - Ασκήσεις. Ancient Greek: έρχομαι Ancient Greek verb 'έρχομαι' conjugated. So, many theologians need to study ancient Greek to get closer to the original biblical text. Koine Greek paradagims - The Indicative Verb For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. Attic) Greek in school, it is very easy to study Koine, or read the New Testament. Instead of rehashing these excellent reviews I will just say I wholeheartedly agree with his recommendation. "Reading Koine Greek is readable and user friendly, yet remarkably sophisticated linguistically. Constantine R. Vocabulary. The only paradigms students are encouraged to memorize are those. Dates: Wednesday, Dec 28th, 2011 to Friday, January 6th, 2012. Also, if you click the "water all" button it will be very difficult to review forms because of the "answer. Funk's Beginning-Intermediate Grammar of Hellenistic Greek This three-volume grammar is available in HTML at iBiblio's website. ” It further claims that “English is an imprecise language that can easily cause misunderstanding. That is something I have been. It is the way that an author invites us to view the verb's action. Active Middle Sec. ἦς — 7 Occ. FREELANG Koine Greek-English-Koine Greek online dictionary. Those within Greek scholarship will welcome this book as a tool that puts students, pastors, professors, and commentators firmly in touch with what is going on in Greek studies. by offering free training in Koine Greek Grammar. Founded in 2010, Memrise has quickly grown and now more than 40 million people in 189 countries learn languages with us to better themselves, connect with others and with the world around them. ειμι Present Active Indicative (p. Instead of rehashing these excellent reviews I will just say I wholeheartedly agree with his recommendation. Because of this, in one simple workbook, Easy Peasy Biblical Greek takes students through all of basic Greek grammar and a great deal of intermediate Greek grammar. I expect that many. That way when I have a question, I either simply flip to the front or the back to find the proper translation. In order to read the Greek, you need to download the SPIonic Greek font and install it in your system--but you'll find this font useful at many other sites on the web. The most common are verbs of convicting, accusing and punishing. The Greek peninsula fell under Roman rule in 146 BC, after the Battle of Corinth, when Macedonia became a Roman province. (2001) A Greek–English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, Third edition, Chicago: University of Chicago Press πᾶς in Cunliffe, Richard J. This document aims to present everything that needs to be memorised for the morphology of Greek 1 at Moore College, with the aim of keeping the amount of material to an absolute minimum. The Greek typography is improved, including a switch to a tilde-style circumflex (e. Advances in the Study of Greek offers an introduction to issues of interest in the current world of Greek scholarship. The rules of verb formation, from augment to personal ending. KOINE GREEK => ENGLISH:. The most difficult challenge in learning Greek is the complex grammar. [MaryEllen A LeBlanc]. ← 38 | 39 →Chapter 5 Koine Greek is the descendant of Attic Greek. You have already learned the four most commonly used cases for Greek nouns and adjectives: nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative. This chapter outlines the history of Greek studies over the last two hundred years, paying attention to the study of Ancient Greek in general, Biblical (Koine) Greek in particular, and the rise of modern linguistics. Having all paradigms in one place, this chart is the ultimate assistant in Greek studies. Greek numerals. Lesson 7 - Relative Pronouns: Paradigm, Gender and Number, Case, Attraction, Inverse Attraction. Chapter 6 page 5 ' 1993 Dr. Acknowledgment is also to be made to Blass-Debrunner, Grammatik des neutestamentlichen Griechisch, 1913, and to the convenient summary of classical usage in Goodwin's Greek Grammar. It is tough to learn and tough to keep. For example, the Greek used in the Bible—called Koine (or "common") Greek—is different than modern Greek. The analytical Greek lexicon; consisting of an alphabetical arrangement of every occuring inflexion of every word contained in the Greek New Testament Scriptures, with a grammatical analysis of each word, and lexicographical illustration of the meanings, a complete series of paradigms, with grammatical remarks and explanations. , ῦ) that will match students’ Greek Bibles more closely. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. The program provides an interactive. Share on Facebook. A lexicon is also a synonym of the word thesaurus. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Dickinson College Commentaries, 2014. Czech), while the first form occurs in languages that do not (e. Alternatively, you may disregard the regularity. Welcoming two new contributors. There are three genders in Greek: masculine, feminine, and neuter. Therefore, even though the curriculum is based on the linguistic scenes outlined in the Greco-Roman conversation manuals, the vocabulary and grammar gained through these linguistic situations will be used as a springboard to. Classical Greek Online Series Introduction Winfred P. Copy freely. It’s the oldest attested language in the world that still survives. It is tough to learn and tough to keep. Present Indicative. Emerging from this great religious tradition, the Bible has shaped human civilization as no other world. 19 Declension/Inflection Paradigms. Below is the whole paradigm, or list of case forms, of the definite article in Ancient Greek. Christine Gatchell and her husband, Matt, homeschool their five children in Red Lion, Pennsylvania. ἤτω — 2 Occ. Elementary Greek Koine for Beginners Year One Workbook (2nd Edition) Elementary Greek Koine for Beginners Year 1 Teacher Key 2ED ; An audio companion CD is available to aid in pronunciation of individual letters, words, grammar paradigms and passages. Memorization: [1] Review (and re-memorize) the Greek personal endings found in Master Personal Ending Chart ALL Subjunctive mood uses the primary endings. The Practical Use of the Greek New Testament Part II: The Eloquence of Greek Tenses and Moods BSAC 117:466 (Apr 1960) Prepositions and Synonyms in Greek Exposition Part III BSAC 117:467 (Jul 1960) The Practical Use of the Greek New Testament Part IV: The Greek Article in New Testament Interpretation BSAC 118:469 (Jan 1961). We are now going to discuss the declension of nouns; we introduced essential concepts in the chapter on pronouns, and you will find it difficult to understand this section if you have not mastered the concepts in that chapter. The era of the original text and the typical word use of the author can be taken modify translation choice. Dongell Greek New Testament First Fruits Press Wilmore, Kentucky c2014. Vocabulary. 2018, added philolog. Colwell's Rule for the Greek article summarized and illustrated. I've started the JACT Reading Greek program, and it's great. Decker As evidenced by the title, this grammar combines both a practical introduction to Koine Greek and an 'integrated workbook. Using an orderly arrangement, it has all the crucial paradigms for nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, and participles, as well as helpful lists of prepositions, irregular verbs, and other details frequently needed for Greek translation. The introduction of this grammar is interesting with some history of Koine Greek and highlights of the work of people like Deismann. Building upon the foundation of grammar and vocabulary, you will continue to learn the basic syntax of Koine Greek. The Bible speaks today, but it was written in another time, another culture and another language. Since I always eventually planned to move on to Classical Greek after learning Koine, I've decided to take that step a little early. ” This is an “easy” Greek (for the most part), a low style. The founder of KoineGreek. Master Greek is a parsing app designed for students of Biblical Greek (Koine Greek). Having all paradigms in one place, it is the ultimate assistant in learning Greek. The First Aorist Active Indicative is a verbal action that is completed in the past. org Information gathered primarily from "Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics" by Daniel B. It is generally accepted by most scholars today that the New Testament of the Bible was written primarily, if not completely, in Koine or common Greek. Decker "This in-depth yet student-friendly introduction to Koine Greek provides a full grounding in Greek grammar, while starting to build skill in the use of exegetical tools. Studies in Biblical Greek, 1. Especially in the early phases of Greek learning it is good to learn the rules, but also expect to be puzzled by ‘exceptions. The competition between the popular and the learned registers (see Diglossia. Articles and nouns are declined. Based originally on the Greek of Athens, it was circulated throughout Alexander the Great's empire. I've pondered this question for quite a while because I have a deep interest in learning one or both of these languages. Nearing the end of a second semester of Koine Greek, here are some of my reflections. Present Indicative. ) Note that this grammar is of Ancient Greek and not just of Koine or New Testament Greek. Huffman's Handy Guide to New Testament Greek (Kregel, 2012). Greek, along with Chinese and the West Semitic languages, is a direct descendant of a language recorded back in the Bronze Age. Similar to Zack Hubert's former online interactive, analytical bible tool, but with many more creative and. Greek verbs predominantly show the following types of stems [And this is helpful to know because verbs of similar types behave similarly under stress:-) That is, their principal parts tend to look the same. Study Koine Greek using smart web & mobile flashcards created by top students, teachers, and professors. Paradigms Master Pro is a software quiz for learning and retaining paradigms. It also describes an undefined kind of action (Mt 3:11 - "I baptize" or "I am baptizing"). Because of this, in one simple workbook, Easy Peasy Biblical Greek takes students through all of basic Greek grammar and a great deal of intermediate Greek grammar. Authors/copyrights: John Jeffrey Dodson. Instead of spending precious hours memorizing over 100 paradigms, you can learn to translate the New Testament accurately without all the extra memorization. Posts about Greek Perfect written by Mike Aubrey. Carson, eds. Conjugate another Ancient Greek verb. The Greek peninsula fell under Roman rule in 146 BC, after the Battle of Corinth, when Macedonia became a Roman province. ˆ Koine Greek Paradigms. The final bone we have to pick concerns Ehrman’s monolithic/uncompromising understanding of the Greek text. The GFA paradigm chart was designed with the student in mind. There is very little memorization of vocabulary that is expected, since the software can easily provide the lexical information. ' Language is not the same as mathematics. It also describes an undefined kind of action (Mt 3:11 - "I baptize" or "I am baptizing"). Ancient Greek: ·(transitive) to know, be acquainted with [+accusative = something] (with neuter accusative plural of an adjective): have a quality in one's heart (transitive) to be skilled in [+genitive = something]· (intransitive) to know how to [+infinitive = do something]· (transitive, when main verb and participle have separate subjects) to know. Check out Brian LePort’s review of these apps ( FlashGreek , ParseGreek , and iGreek ). Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Thanks to the translators. It can give you practice parsing all different parts of speech. p# cv Active Sec. εἶ — 92 Occ. allows for more complicated sentences, bringing out a greater flavour…. Ichthys, The Christian Fish Symbol: 5 Origin and History Facts. The Greek Indicative. Greek and Hebrew Paradigm Charts are perfect for first- and second-year Greek and Hebrew students, and essential for anyone learning Greek or Hebrew on their own. Dialects based on Koine Greek emerged at around the turn of the first millennium. In the summer of 2010, I attempted to teach myself Biblical Greek so I could test out of two Beginners Greek classes at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. are the original consonant-stem endings, while -amъ/etc. The List of Topics to the Left gives you outline of the major headings found in the Grammar. It is the way that an author invites us to view the verb’s action. Because of this, in one simple workbook, Easy Peasy Biblical Greek takes students through all of basic Greek grammar and a great deal of intermediate Greek grammar. It doesn't say when it happens, and it doesn't say that it will ever stop happening. Mounce Alternate Paradigm (#6. This page will provide links to explanatory grammatical pages and grammatical charts within our web site as well as links to other resources that may help you learn, review, or refresh your understanding. The Roman era of Greek history began with the Corinthian defeat in the Battle of Corinth in 146 BC. I expect that many. Most of those interested in learning Koine Greek are doing so because they eventually want to read the New Testament. The approach, informed by twenty-five years of classroom teaching, emphasizes reading Greek for comprehension as opposed to merely translating it. Constantine R. Descendants []. Order a 10-pack of paradigm charts on thick, glossy cardstock to share with your friends or students, or download the PDF for free!. Just as I taped the previous chart into the inside front cover of my Greek New Testament, I have taped this participle chart into the inside back cover. Using an orderly arrangement, it has all the crucial paradigms for nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, and participles, as well as helpful lists of prepositions, irregular verbs, and other details frequently needed for Greek translation. Such a mapping also enables cross-linguistic morphological comparison. Learn the first declension paradigm with this song from the Singing Grammarian. Active Middle Sec. They have had to be translated and recorded or written first into Koine Greek and then into an intermediate or final language such as English and the various languages in which the New Testament is published. The Imperative Active. In the summer of 2010, I attempted to teach myself Biblical Greek so I could test out of two Beginners Greek classes at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. Most of those interested in learning Koine Greek are doing so because they eventually want to read the New Testament. Colwell's Rule for the Greek article summarized and illustrated. "Reading Koine Greek is readable and user friendly, yet remarkably sophisticated linguistically. Dates: Wednesday, Dec 28th, 2011 to Friday, January 6th, 2012. There are three year-long courses in the program: Year I, Year II, and Year III. There is a definite and an indefinite article which both agree in gender, number and case with the noun they refer to. What you’ll learn Read Koine Greek, the Greek of the Bible. The introduction of this grammar is interesting with some history of Koine Greek and highlights of the work of people like Deismann. ASSIGNMENT: Memorize the vocabulary above. Christine began her study of Koine Greek as a student at Geneva College. Decker As evidenced by the title, this grammar combines both a practical introduction to Koine Greek and an 'integrated workbook. Ordinal numbers are just like adjectives. Share on Facebook. In a 2008 paper, Wilfred Major constructs what he calls the 50% and 80% vocab lists for Classical Greek. Vocabulary. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Report an error. I find this weird though because nom. Dongell Greek New Testament First Fruits Press Wilmore, Kentucky c2014. Success of Koine studies pretty much depends on the Greek Paradigm Chart. ← 38 | 39 →Chapter 5 Koine Greek is the descendant of Attic Greek. Greek bathroom signs and a "Mary Poppins" poster) of BBG-3 have been removed. Finite Verbs: 2016-03-01 Koine Greek Finite Verb Paradigms. , Lezioni di letteratura latina. Through intentional "child's play" and storytelling, the student interacts with the language on multiple fronts, including listening, reading, and speaking. I've pondered this question for quite a while because I have a deep interest in learning one or both of these languages. If you are starting off on your Greek journey, you should stop reading this now and download this app. If it is true that Koine Greek is a language, then the science of linguistics has much to commend it. Ready to learn. Dave Black is author of The Jesus Paradigm, Seven Marks of a New Testament Church, and Aprenda a leer el Griego del Nuevo Testamento, along with many other books. It shows the main parts of the Greek sentence, and how to identify, parse, and translate them. edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Medieval Greek is the link between this vernacular, known as Koine Greek, and Modern Greek. Important Rules to Remember When Learning Ancient Greek Part 4. Listen and learn Biblical Greek vocabulary. It is to help them explain in a reasoned way what the texts or parts of texts of the Greek New Testament (to some extent also of other relevant Ancient Greek writings) communicate linguistically. Koine/Classical Greek Comparison Jay Treat's relatively brief but useful account of some of the major differences between Classical Attic Greek and the Greek of the New Testament. Logan Williams recently completed a PhD at Durham University […] Mike Aubrey May 26, 2020 Greek. You have already learned the four most commonly used cases for Greek nouns and adjectives: nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative. Singular Plural Form Translation Form Translation 1st person 2nd person 3rd person. In the summer of 2010, I attempted to teach myself Biblical Greek so I could test out of two Beginners Greek classes at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. At this time, southern Greece also came under Roman hegemony; however, some key Greek poleis remained partly autonomous and avoided direct Roman taxation. Burton on Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek, 1906, have been found particularly useful. Comparative degree 5. Paradigms (for all 24 lessons) Exercises (for all 24 lessons) Vocabulary (for all 24 lessons) Additional Vocabulary (Words occuring 10 to 49 times in the GNT, by frequency) Additional Vocabulary (Words occuring 10 to 49 times in the GNT, alphabetically) Contraction Rules and Paradigms; Conditional Sentences; Confusing forms; Accents. Biblical vocabulary is taught throughout the courses since the author assumes that students completing these courses are working toward being able to read the New Testament in Greek. are the original consonant-stem endings, while -amъ/etc. Elementary Joseph R. On two conditions: a strong Christianity, and Muslim self-reform. Medieval Greek is the link between this vernacular, known as Koine Greek, and Modern Greek. - γράφηθι - be written! 3rd p. The Institute of Biblical Greek promotes the study of Biblical (Koine) Greek in Christian education and supports many online educational resources for students learning Biblical (Koine) Greek. In this section you will learn the mathematical pronunciation of Koine Greek, since it's the most widely used in resources relating to this language variety. Memorization: [1] Review (and re-memorize) the Greek personal endings found in Master Personal Ending Chart ALL Subjunctive mood uses the primary endings. In traditional grammatical terminology, the aorist is a "tense", a section of the verb paradigm formed with the same stem across all moods. "Reading Koine Greek is readable and user friendly, yet remarkably sophisticated linguistically. That is something I have been. by Guest Contributor on March 23, 2015 By Mikel Del Rosario. 2016, Greek Week webinar Dec. (2) The NT writers mostly quoted from the Greek OT so that your research into the intertextuality of the NT and OT will be opened up due to your. εἰσίν — 159 Occ. There are three year-long courses in the program: Year I, Year II, and Year III. It was also re-released in 2013 in print form in updated form. 4 (S)If the form occurs in the Septuagint for a different word in the same class, it is marked with *. The Getting Greek Paradigms and Charts is a handy little App that puts the most important paradigms and charts of Koine Greek right at your fingertips. Aspect is viewpoint. Students learn not just forms and paradigms but, far more important, how language works and how the text as a whole functions as a communicative event. Biblical Greek Flashcards for Windows 95/98/NT Version 2 Now with a new Voice feature for audio pronunciation! Easily review over 2000 words (down to a frequency of 9 occurrences in the GNT) in the GreekFlash Pro card sets. Copy freely. Biblical Greek Paradigms Like my similar course for Biblical Hebrew, this is intended to speed up recognition of the forms and as long as it works, should aid in memorization (unlike Hebrew). The Greek spoken at the southern coast of the Black Sea, called Pontic Greek, which did not undergo the many developments of vernacular Greek, is an exception to this. Our textbook instructs us in the usage of these pronouns, and we memorize the paradigm that lists them in Greek, but learning the prayer as well gives us context. Everything you need to read Biblical Greek, from the alphabet to translation. Reading Koine Greek: An Introduction and Integrated Workbook by Rodney J. com, Benjamin Kantor, is currently working with Biblical Language Center to produce a new Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) Koine Greek curriculum loaded with audio/visual material based on ancient Greco-Roman conversation manuals. Choose from 500 different sets of koine greek paradigms flashcards on Quizlet. , ῦ) that will match students' Greek Bibles more closely. Ancient Greek: έρχομαι Ancient Greek verb 'έρχομαι' conjugated. Koine Greek Verb Reference Chart, Omega Conjugation Keywords: Koine, Greek, Verb, morphology Created Date: 20100204162729Z. The linguistic varieties of Modern Greek can be classified along two principal dimensions. " It further claims that "English is an imprecise language that can easily cause misunderstanding. Ancient Greek Reference has been built from the ground up focusing solely on the most significant needs and issues Ancient Greek learners might face. PRESENT TENSE: •Imagine a video camera shooting film now• 1. Funk's Beginning-Intermediate Grammar of Hellenistic Greek This three-volume grammar is available in HTML at iBiblio's website. Even then, texts tend to be short, dull, and they take a back seat to paradigms, vocabulary, and grammar. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate form and translation for EIMI. Students learn not just forms and paradigms but, far more important, how language works and how the text as a whole functions as a communicative event. 5 Simple Ways to Use Your Senses to Learn Biblical Greek and Hebrew. Page 1 of 2. Greek Vocabulary. Koine Greek Verbs (brief summary) I. Building upon the foundation of grammar and vocabulary, you will continue to learn the basic syntax of Koine Greek. Decker “This in-depth yet student-friendly introduction to Koine Greek provides a full grounding in Greek grammar, while starting to build skill in the use of exegetical tools. You can also find the previous Letters by clicking HERE In this issue - Edito – Linguistic sovereignty (I) - Articles not to be missed - Announcements and publications. If one wants some sort of critical apparatus, then one could use:. In this post I provide the code for the equivalent for the Greek New Testament and talk about some of the results. The approach, informed by twenty-five years of classroom teaching, emphasizes reading Greek for comprehension as opposed to merely translating it. New Testament Greek Primer has established itself among Greek instructors as a popular and dependable guide to the Greek of the New. Last, but hardly least, Koine Greek is the language of the New Testament, and the study of the original language will gradually unveil the richness, depth, and beauty of the New Testament. “New Testament (Koine) Greek has long been taught as just another dead language. I find this weird though because nom. These were developed later. The analytical Greek lexicon : consisting of an alphabetical arrangement of every occurring inflexion of every word contained in the Greek New Testament scriptures, with a grammatical analysis of each word, and lexicographical illustration of the meanings : a complete series of paradigms with grammatical remarks and explanations. In traditional grammatical terminology, the aorist is a "tense", a section of the verb paradigm formed with the same stem across all moods. Detailed Description: Basics of Biblical Greek Vocabulary Cards is the most convenient way to increase your biblical Greek vocabulary. To submit this assessment please upload a video of you presenting the relevant information for your presentation (you must be on screen) to a cloud-based service like YouTube, Vimeo Dropbox, Google Drive etc. Character Value Character Value αʹ 1 ρʹ 100 βʹ 2 σʹ 200 γʹ 3 τʹ 300 δʹ 4 υʹ 400 εʹ 5 φʹ 500 ϝʹ, ϛʹ, στʹ 6 χʹ 600 ζʹ 7 ψʹ 700 ηʹ 8 ωʹ 800 θʹ 9 ϡʹ 900. Adjectives 4. Aflts Verb Paradigm For Basics Of Biblical Greek By William (Bill) Mounce by ChrisKumpula , Dec. Contact us. It is packed with information. The method Mounce uses in teaching Greek maximizes on learning the principles of grammar in Koine Greek so that one doesn't have to learn lots of paradigms. The word "alphabet" comes from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet "alpha" and "beta". How, and why, Islam can be part of “Catholic” Europe. Bible Study, Greek. Applying modern linguistic theory, Black shows how many of the so-called irregularities of Greek are actually normal and regular. New Testament Greek, (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1994, 1997) was the original grammar meant to serve as both a beginning and intermediate text. The founder of KoineGreek. Greek bathroom signs and a "Mary Poppins" poster) of BBG-3 have been removed. Here are some English nouns: book, person, chewing-gum, country, county, city, road, field, justice, peace, language, concept, man, woman, god, programmer. However, learning a language is so time intensive, I have to face the fact that there's a good chance I will only learn one, therefore, I'd like. are the original consonant-stem endings, while -amъ/etc. Paradigms Master Pro is a software quiz for learning and retaining paradigms. This chapter discusses how classical reception research benefits from and can also potentially contribute to modern Greek studies (in terms of subject matter and methods) and vice versa. 13 Thematic Contracted Verb Paradigms (by Tense) 124 5. The set also includes flashcards that cover every vocabulary word used in the text. I personally prefer these space friendly software applications to a box full of thousands of cardboard flash cards … or the endless miles of paradigm charts I used to have Scotch-taped to my study wall. I've visited Greece many times, but have never learned the language beyond a few basics and some vocabulary. Learn the Greek Alphabet. They have had to be translated and recorded or written first into Koine Greek and then into an intermediate or final language such as English and the various languages in which the New Testament is published. ) Note that this grammar is of Ancient Greek and not just of Koine or New Testament Greek. Posts about Greek Perfect written by Mike Aubrey. The original Greek alphabet didn't have upper case and lower case letters. This in-depth yet student-friendly introduction to Koine Greek provides a full grounding in Greek grammar, while starting to build skill in the use of exegetical tools. This post is intended to give a one-stop-shop explanation of how you can teach yourself New Testament Greek (also called "Koine Greek"). The Socrates (aka conium. In a few instances, even capitalization and punctuation-not provided in the original. Begin to translate Biblical passages for yourself. If you've found yourself bogged down by rote memorization and you easily forget your Greek and Hebrew forms, these new paradigm charts from Logos Bible Software can help. The era of the original text and the typical word use of the author can be taken modify translation choice. Character Value Character Value αʹ 1 ρʹ 100 βʹ 2 σʹ 200 γʹ 3 τʹ 300 δʹ 4 υʹ 400 εʹ 5 φʹ 500 ϝʹ, ϛʹ, στʹ 6 χʹ 600 ζʹ 7 ψʹ 700 ηʹ 8 ωʹ 800 θʹ 9 ϡʹ 900. The Case of Greek Participles: Distinguishing between Adjectival and Adverbial Uses. Greek literature has been developing for more than three millennia. NT Greek Resources is having a 50% off sale on the following apps (click each one for the iTunes link). The Greek typography is improved, including a switch to a tilde-style circumflex (e. In English, participles are typically formed by adding ing to the stem of a verb (for example: eating). Pluno Pneumatikos Bible Living 25 Life-Giving Statements Jesus Made Ron Edmondson. It also describes an undefined kind of action (Mt 3:11 - "I baptize" or "I am baptizing"). These Summary Lectures are also available at billmounce. Last update: 10/07/2017 - 5408 entries. While the Attic dialect preserved archaic features such as the dual number, Ionic lost many of these, resulting in simpler forms in the Koine. Greek verbs predominantly show the following types of stems [And this is helpful to know because verbs of similar types behave similarly under stress:-) That is, their principal parts tend to look the same. Other Uses of the Verbal Participle (Besides Adverbial) Name Indicates/Implies Examples Other Identifying Elements Attendant Circum-stance (Some books may. Besides content tagged according to 11 separate fields (more about that below), ability to amplify, and hyperlinking that integrates Decker’s Koine Greek with the rest of the titles in your Accordance Library, there is another advantage the Accordance edition has over print. Here are some English nouns: book, person, chewing-gum, country, county, city, road, field, justice, peace, language, concept, man, woman, god, programmer. ISBN: 978-1-947822-04-7. Smyth's A Greek Grammar for Colleges is available on the Perseus Digital Library website here, and on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library website here. Reminds me of the days studying for my Greek verb paradigm tests, singing "A Mighty Fortress is Our God" as a mnemonic for learning the paradigms. Mastery of Classical Greek will also help you to read the Koine Greek of the New Testament. Robertson also debunks the idea (way back in 1908) that the GNT is full of Hebraisms. Ready to learn. Aschmann — April 22, 2020 with (S). Strong's Greek 1510 2479 Occurrences ᾖ — 43 Occ. The GFA team methodologically designed our paradigm chart having student in mind. Medieval Greek is the link between this vernacular, known as Koine Greek, and Modern Greek. Why doesn't Hey, Andrew! Teach Me Some Greek! teach the standard noun and verb paradigms and grammatical terms? This series is intended for use with young children. The texts can be read on-line. Having studied Classical (i. If we want to say that the doctor possesses. The companion workbook, New Testament Greek Workbook (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1994, 1997), facilitated using the New Testament Greek text as a beginning Greek grammar. Functional Morphology for Koine Greek ===== Introduction ----- This is a program attempting to provide morphology for Koine Greek. Michael is a pioneer, but others will follow. FREELANG Koine Greek-English-Koine Greek online dictionary. First, there is a long tradition of sociolectal variation between the natural, popular spoken language on the one hand and archaizing, learned written forms on the other. The competition between the popular and the learned registers (see Diglossia. Formation of Indicative verb (Augment +) Stem + (Tense formative +) Connecting vowel + Personal ending, where the parts in brackets are used in some cases. The lexicon includes the lexemes used to actualize words. Learning New Testament Greek Learn to Use Biblical Greek and Hebrew with Logos Bible Software This is a complete introduction to using the original languages for interpretation from the Greek scholars of Logos Bible Software. Czech), while the first form occurs in languages that do not (e. org Information gathered primarily from "Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics" by Daniel B. Koine Greek (UK: / ˈ k ɔɪ n iː /, US: / k ɔɪ ˈ n eɪ, ˈ k ɔɪ n eɪ, k iː ˈ n iː /; Greek: Ελληνιστική Κοινή, Ellinistikí Koiní, [elinistiˈci ciˈni]), also known as Alexandrian dialect, common Attic, Hellenistic or Biblical Greek, was the common supra-regional form of Greek spoken and written during the Hellenistic period, the Roman Empire, and the early. Upon the Jews' return from exile in Babylon, they endeavored to protect their national identity by following the law closely. Ready to learn. You may have to register before you can post: click the register link above to proceed. Christine Gatchell and her husband, Matt, homeschool their five children in Red Lion, Pennsylvania. 5 Simple Ways to Use Your Senses to Learn Biblical Greek and Hebrew. - γράφηθι - be written! 3rd p. The indicative verb provides informaion from the presepctive of the writer or speaker. A participle is a word that has both the properties of a verb and a noun. 8 First Declension Nouns (Module A) paradigms were set forth for second declension nouns as they inflected for In a Greek-English lexicon, its abbreviated genitive singular follows to indicate its declension-paradigm pattern, then an article to specify its grammatical gender. Paradigms of Nouns of the Second Declension. It's giving me a lot of practice in the basic Greek common to Classical and Koine. Learning Koine Greek; 20 Paradigms. You can also check your answers as the pdf files include the key answers. masculine and acc. The word for “doctor” is always “doctor”. Terminology. ← 38 | 39 →Chapter 5 Koine Greek is the descendant of Attic Greek, incorporating influence of the Ionic dialect. I have seen a need in my own Greek classes at Gordon College for a hardcopy that the students can have at hand when away from the. John Final Remarks Indexes Theories of Christian Origins challenge traditional paradigms and. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. The analytical Greek lexicon : consisting of an alphabetical arrangement of every occurring inflexion of every word contained in the Greek New Testament scriptures, with a grammatical analysis of each word, and lexicographical illustration of the meanings : a complete series of paradigms with grammatical remarks and explanations. As the dominant language of the Byzantine Empire, it developed further into Medieval Greek, which then turned into Modern Greek. As adults, we would sometimes greet each other (on the phone or in person) with "salve, frater" or some such. I've visited Greece many times, but have never learned the language beyond a few basics and some vocabulary. Audio pronunciations are available on the publisher's website. The main alternative — viewing the Greek of the New Testament as sui generis , as a kind of Holy Ghost language — has in my opinion little evidence for it compared with biblical linguistics. For almost 70 years, Summers has been helping students learn Koine Greek. Last update: 10/07/2017 - 5408 entries. Little Greek 101 stresses active learning, giving a great deal of practice for each point it makes. Decker “This in-depth yet student-friendly introduction to Koine Greek provides a full grounding in Greek grammar, while starting to build skill in the use of exegetical tools. All Greek. New Testament Greek Primer has established itself among Greek instructors as a popular and dependable guide to the Greek of the New. Additionally there are still many errors present but I released this early so the Greek students in my class can still benefit from it before the final. -a brief introduction to each book with a focus on original language exegesis -a concise Greek-English lexicon -Koine Greek paradigm charts -helpful paragraph divisions -Old Testament texts formatted in bold type for quick recognition -short lists of recommended resources for further study. This page will provide links to explanatory grammatical pages and grammatical charts within our web site as well as links to other resources that may help you learn, review, or refresh your understanding. Mounce was teaching at Gordon-Conwell seminary. These handouts contain some references to Hansen & Quinn's Greek: An Intensive Course and Mastronarde's Introduction to Attic Greek, but are mainly meant to provide one-page overviews of some important verbal paradigms -- satisfactory versions of (many of) which I have failed to find in English-language Greek textbooks. Biblical Greek Paradigms Like my similar course for Biblical Hebrew, this is intended to speed up recognition of the forms and as long as it works, should aid in memorization (unlike Hebrew). Koine/Classical Greek Comparison Jay Treat's relatively brief but useful account of some of the major differences between Classical Attic Greek and the Greek of the New Testament. Little Greek 101 stresses active learning, giving a great deal of practice for each point it makes. It is packed with information. The literary Greek of Athens in the fifth and fourth centuries BC, Attic. Mounce's "Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar" is - I believe - currently very popular. Hellenistic Greek Middle Voice: Semantic Event Structure and Voice Typology is a significant addition to the literature on Hellenistic Greek Linguistics, and now it is available for free download at the Canada Institute of Linguistics (CANIL). For example: Jurymen, I submit the following evidence. Campbell credits Porter and Fanning for beginning “a paradigm shift that is still taking place in our understanding of the Greek verbal system” (Verbal Aspect, p. Contract Vowels 1s ˆ ˘ ˘ ˝ Reference: , , // 2s ˝ ˝ ˙ ˝ ˘ ˇ ˇ˝ ˘ Mounce, The Morphology / + vowel // // 3s ˆ ( ) ˝ ˘ ˇ˝ ˘ PXN ˝ of B ib lca Gr ek. You have already learned the four most commonly used cases for Greek nouns and adjectives: nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative. Key, lists, paradigms, indices Volume 1 of An Introduction to the Study of New Testament Greek, James Swetnam Subsidia Biblica: Author: James Swetnam: Publisher: Editrice Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 1992: ISBN: 8876536000, 9788876536007: Length: 453 pages : Export. NOTES: All participles are Masculine forms. Want Your Daily Poem delivered right to your mailbox every morning?. Thanks to the translators. Burton on Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek, 1906, have been found particularly useful. Athematic and Thematic Verbs. The interrogative pronoun τίς, τί The paradigm for τίς, τί is as follows: (The paradigm is in the usual order: masculine, feminine, and neuter, reading across; nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative cases reading down; the plural forms are listed below the singular forms. L’età arcaica e repubblicana, Milano 2010, pp. Agenda Grammars Audio Resources Declension/Inflection Paradigms Studying the Greek New Testament Intermediate and Beyond Further Investment ($$) Recommended Approach Learning Koine Greek GRAMMARS CLARIFICATION The books listed do not interpret the bible for you.